Name: _________________________
Multiplication with Arrays
When you multiply, think of the multiplication symbol as having the
meaning “rows of.”
The fact 3 x 6 would actually mean “3 rows of 6”
To solve this fact, draw 3 rows of 6 symbols.
x x x x x x
x x x x x x 3 rows of 6 symbols equals 18 symbols.
x x x x x x 3 x 6 = 18
Symbols aranged in neat rows and columns are called arrays.
Look at each array. Count the symbols in each row and column carefully. Write
the multiplication fact for each.
1. O O O O O O O O
O O O O O O O O _____ rows of _____ equals _____
O O O O O O O O
O O O O O O O O _____ x _____ = _____
2. | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | _____ rows of _____ equals _____
| | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | _____ x _____ = _____
| | | | | | | | |
3. . . . .
. . . . _____ rows of _____ equals _____
. . . .
. . . . _____ x _____ = _____
Now try this: On the back of this paper, draw an array for each of these facts:
7 x 4 8 x 3 9 x 6 3 x 7 8 x 5
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Name: _________________________ ANSWER KEY
Multiplication with Arrays
When you multiply, think of the multiplication symbol as having the
meaning “rows of.”
The fact 3 x 6 would actually mean “3 rows of 6”
To solve this fact, draw 3 rows of 6 symbols.
x x x x x x
x x x x x x 3 rows of 6 symbols equals 18 symbols.
x x x x x x 3 x 6 = 18
Symbols aranged in neat rows and columns are called arrays.
Look at each array. Count the symbols in each row and column carefully. Write
the multiplication fact for each.
1. O O O O O O O O
O O O O O O O O 4 rows of 8 equals 32
O O O O O O O O
O O O O O O O O 4 x 8 = 32
2. | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | 5 rows of 9 equals 45
| | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | 5 x 9 = 45
| | | | | | | | |
3. . . . .
. . . . 4 rows of 4 equals 16
. . . .
. . . . 4 x 4 = 16
Now try this: On the back of this paper, draw an array for each of these facts:
7 x 4 8 x 3 9 x 6 3 x 7 8 x 5
Super Teacher Worksheets - www.superteacherworksheets.com